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Table 3--Some southeastern forest bird species and their sensitivities to urban and suburban development*

Common name


Scientific name


Urban/suburban association


Mature-forest assemblage (late-successional forests)


Pine warbler


Dendroica pinus


tolerant


Red-eyed vireo


Vireo olivaceus


intolerant


Red-bellied woodpecker


Melanerpes carolinus


tolerant


Wood thrush


Hylocichla mustelina


intolerant


Ovenbird


Seiurus aurocapollus


intolerant


Hooded warbler


Wilsonia citrina


intolerant


Acadian flycatcher


Empidonax virescens


intolerant


Scarlet tanager


Piranga olivacea


intolerant


Northern parula


Parula americana


intolerant


Black-and-white warbler


Mniotilta varia


intolerant


Hairy woodpecker


Picoides villosus


tolerant


Pileated woodpecker


Dryocopus pileatus


intolerant


Yellow-throated warbler


Dendroica dominica


intolerant


Prothonotary warbler


Protonotaria citrea


intolerant


Kentucky warbler


Oporornis formosus


intolerant


Louisiana waterthrush


Seiurus motacilla


intolerant


Shrubland assemblage (early-successional clearcuts)


Indigo bunting


Passerina cyanea


intolerant


Yellow-breasted chat


Icteria virens


intolerant


Common yellow-throat


Geothlypis trichas


intolerant


White-eyed vireo


Vireo griseus


intolerant


Prairie warbler


Dendroica discolor


intolerant


Field sparrow


Spizella pusilla


intolerant


Gray catbird


Dumetella carolinensis


tolerant


Forest-edge assemblage (fragmented landscapes)


Brown-headed cowbird


Molothrus ater


tolerant


Northern mockingbird


Mimus polyglottos


tolerant


Chipping sparrow


Spizella passerina


tolerant


American robin


Turdus migratorius


tolerant


Eastern bluebird


Sialia sialis


tolerant


Common grackle


Quiscalus quiscula


tolerant


Eastern kingbird


Tyrannus tyrannus


rural/agricultural


Red-headed woodpecker


Melanerpes erythrocephalus


somewhat tolerant


Orchard oriole


Icterus spurius


rural/agricultural


House finch


Carpodacus mexicanus


tolerant


Habitat generalist assemblage


Cardinal


Cardinalis cardinalis


tolerant


Carolina wren


Thryothorus ludovicianus


tolerant


Tufted titmouse


Baeolophus bicolor


tolerant


Blue-gray Gnatcatcher


Polioptila caerulea


intolerant


Carolina chickadee


Poecile carolinensis


tolerant


Blue jay


Cyanocitta cristata


tolerant


Great crested flycatcher


Myiarchus crinitus


somewhat tolerant


Summer tanager


Piranga rubra


intolerant


Downy woodpecker


Picoides pubescens


tolerant


Yellow-billed cuckoo


Coccyzus americanus


intolerant


Eastern wood pewee


Contopus virens


intolerant


Mourning dove


Zenaida macroura


tolerant


Common crow


Corvus brachyrhynchos


tolerant


Northern bobwhite


Colinus virginianus


intolerant


Brown thrasher


Toxostoma rufum


intolerant


Northern flicker


Colaptes auratus


tolerant


American goldfinch


Carduelis tristis


tolerant


Red-shouldered hawk


Buteo lineatus


tolerant


Yellow-throated vireo


Vireo flavifrons


intolerant


Ruby-throated hummingbird


Archilochus colubris


tolerant


Eastern phoebe


Sayornis phoebe


tolerant


Eastern screech-owl


Otus asio


tolerant


Common nighthawk


Chordeiles minor


tolerant


White-breasted nuthatch


Sitta carolinensis


tolerant


*Adapted from: Canterbury and others, 2000. Based on results from: Engels and Sexton (1994), Smith and Schaefer (1992), Dowd (1992), Beissinger and Osborne (1982), Rottenborn (1999), Linehan and others (1967), Blair (1996), Goldstein and others (1986), Friesen and others (1995), Long and Long (1992), Askins and Philbrick (1987), Aldrich and Coffin (1980), Bolen and Robinson (1995), Zimmerman (1991), and Hines and Anastasi (1973).


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