Gregory E. FreyResearch Forester
3041 E. Cornwallis Rd.
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2254
Forest Policy, Regulation, and Taxes
Limited-Resource Forest Landowners
REDD+ & Climate Change Policy
Agroforestry Systems & Non-Timber Forest Products
US and Latin America
My past research has been related to the economic and social benefits of various forest management systems and policies. I have particularly been interested in systems and policies that have potential to benefit small and limited-resource forest users, and those that provide ecosystem services to society. I have lived, worked, and conducted forest economics and policy research in both the US South and Latin America.
One line of my research has been related to the economic returns, risks, and perceptions of agroforestry systems, when compared to conventional forestry and agricultural systems. I have been involved in research teams related to non-timber forest products, forest farming, silvopasture, and alley cropping.
I have been involved in research on timber investment returns worldwide along with the effects of policies and programs such as loans, subsidies, and payments for services such as carbon sequestration, as well as certification of sustainable forest management. I have also been involved in the policy development process in various Latin American countries to reduce deforestation as a strategy to conserve forest carbon and reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
Why This Research is Important
Forest cover, when well-managed and well-located throughout a landscape can provide numerous benefits for individuals, communities, our nation, and the world. Numerous interventions have been attempted by organizations worldwide, to varying degrees of success, to increase overall forest cover and better manage existing forests, in order to maximize benefits to society. In every case, these policies and programs are an attempt to change the behavior of people, particularly local resource users. The success of a policy or program depends on market and non-market values of resource users under the legal framework for tenure of forest resources in a particular country or administrative region.
My overall goal is to identify and evaluate methods to allow land users increase benefits and also provide valuable environmental services to society.
- Ph.D. in Forest Economics, 2009
- NC State University
- Research Forester, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station
Conduct economics research on forest policy, regulation, and taxes.
- Extension Specialist and Assistant Professor, Virginia Cooperative Extension - Virginia State University
- Forest Carbon Specialist, World Bank
- Association Of Natural Resource Extension Professionals, Affiliate Member (2014-Current); Member (2012-14); National Treasurer (2013-14) (2012—Current)
- International Society Of Forest Resource Economics, Member (2009—Current)
- Society of American Foresters, Member (2009—Current)
- Virginia Stewardship Committee, Member (2013—2014)
Awards and Recognition
- Program Excellence Award, 2013
- Virginia Cooperative Extension 2013 Program Excellence Award, District and State Winner, New Initiatives Category.
- Team Award, 2011
- World Bank Latin America and Caribbean Vice Presidential 2011 Team Award
Featured Publications and Products
- Kilgore, Michael A.; Ellefson, Paul B.; Funk, Travis J.; Frey, Gregory E. 2017. State property tax incentives for promoting ecosystem goods and services from private forest land in the United States: a review and analysis.
- Cubbage, Frederick W.; Davis, Robert R.; Rodriguez Paredes, Diana; Mollenhauer, Ramon; Kraus Elsin, Yoanna; Frey, Gregory E.; Gonzalez Hernandez, Ignacio A.; Albarran Hurtado, Humberto; Cruz, Anita Mercedes Salazar; Salas, Diana Nacibe Chemor. 2015. Community forestry enterprises in Mexico: sustainability and competitiveness.
- Mercer, D. Evan; Cubbage, Frederick W. ; Frey, Gregory E. . 2014. Economics of Agroforestry.
- Frey, Gregory E.; Mercer, D. Evan; Cubbage, Frederick W.; Abt, Robert C. 2013. A real options model to assess the role of flexibility in forestry and agroforestry adoption and disadoption in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley.
- Frey, Gregory E.; Mercer, D. Evan; Cubbage, Frederick W.; Abt, Robert C. 2011. Economic potential of agroforestry and forestry in the lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley with incentive programs and carbon payments.
- Cubbage, F.; Koesbandana, S.; Mac Donagh, P; Rubilar, R.; Balmelli, G; Morales Olmos, V.; De La Torre, R.; Murara, M.; Hoeflich, V.A.; Kotze, H.; Gonzalez, R; Carrero, O.; Frey, G.; Adams, T.; Turner, J.; Lord, R.; Huang, J.; MacIntyre, C.; McGinley, Kathleen; Abt, R.; Phillips, R. 2010. Global timber investments, wood costs, regulation, and risk.
- Frey, Gregory E.; Fike, John H.; Downing, Adam K.; Comer, Marcus M.; Mize, Timothy A.; Teutsch, Christopher D. 2017. Trees and livestock together: silvopasture research and application for Virginia farms.
- Frey, Gregory E.; Chamberlain, James. 2016. Collection of nontimber forest products from state forests in the US south.
- Frey, Gregory E.; Nepal, Prakash. 2016. Forest economics and policy in a changing environment: how market, policy, and climate transformations affect forests -- Proceedings of the 2016 Meeting of the International Society of Forest Resource Economics.
- Cary, Michael A.; Frey, Gregory E.; Mercer, D. Evan. 2014. The value of versatile alley cropping in the Southeast US: A Monte Carlo simulation.
- Frey, Gregory E.; Mercer, D. Evan; Cubbage, Frederick W.; Abt, Robert C. 2010. A Real Options Method for Estimating the Adoption Potential of Forestry and Agroforestry Systems on Private Lands in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley, USA.