Regional forestry practices and forest management certification
Under a "mandated" management scenario, landowners in states with comprehensive forest practices laws meet more sustainable forestry standards and certification programs' guidelines than do owners in states with other regulatory approaches. This confers certification advantages to landowners in the Pacific Northwest where comprehensive forest laws predominate. Under a "combined" management scenario that includes regulatory programs with voluntary BMPs and Stewardship guidelines, no appreciable regional advantages exist. In both scenarios, numerous gaps remain between management practices and sustainable forestry standards and certification guidelines. The amount of NIPF timberland under each scenario is small: 12% of NIPF timberland is located in states with comprehensive forest practices laws, while 5.7% of NIPF timberland fits our definition of "combined" management.