Causes and costs of bole wounds in hardwoods—a synopsis of the literature

This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document here.

  • Authors: Wiedenbeck, Janice K.
  • Publication Year: 2018
  • Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
  • Source: In: Kirschman, Julia E.; Johnsen, Kurt, comps. 2018. Proceedings of the 19th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–234. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station.

Abstract

Tree wounds are caused by a wide range of natural events and anthropogenic activities and occur in tree crowns, on branches, on the bole, or on roots. Existing information mostly relates to bole wounds as they are more visible, accessible, and considered more economically important.

  • Citation: Wiedenbeck, Janice K. 2018. Causes and costs of bole wounds in hardwoods—a synopsis of the literature. In: Kirschman, Julia E.; Johnsen, Kurt, comps. 2018. Proceedings of the 19th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–234. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 327-336.
  • Posted Date: September 19, 2019
  • Modified Date: October 1, 2020
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.