Influence of forage quality on home range size of white tailed deer

  • Authors: Kilgo, John C.; Labisky, Ronald F.
  • Publication Year: 1997
  • Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
  • Source: Journal of Wildlife Research


We examined the relationship between the nutritional quality of forages and home range sizes of 10 adult female white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in pine (Pinus spp.) flatwoods habitat of northern Aorida from. September 1990-August 1991. We collected samples of 3 browse species, common gallberry (llex glabra), lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium myrsinites), and greenbriar (Smilax laurifolia). monthly from the core areas of the annual home ranges of the deer for the determination of crude protein (CP) and phosphorus (P) content and in ,•itro organic matter digestibility. Monthly home ranges sizes were correlated positively with monthly CP when CP levels were below modeled threshold levels: September-December (maintenance)-6%; January-April (gestation)-8%; and May-August (lactation)-12%. Conversely, for months when CP levels were above these threshold levels, monthly home range size was correlated negatively with respective monthly P levels. We conclude that home range size may be partially influenced by the relative nutritional quality of forages.

  • Citation: Kilgo, John C.; Labisky, Ronald F. 1997. Influence of forage quality on home range size of white tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Research. 2(1): 25-29 pp.
  • Posted Date: June 11, 2020
  • Modified Date: June 15, 2020
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.