Arthropod biomass in winter and the age of longleaf pines

  • Authors: Hooper, Robert G.
  • Publication Year: 1996
  • Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
  • Source: Forest Ecology and Management
  • DOI: 10.1016/0378-1127(95)03675-X


The endangered red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis) satisfies its nutrient requirements by capturing arthropods from live pine trees. Age of pine stands has been used as a guide for providing suitable habitat for the species, however, little is known about the relationship of arthropods to age of pines. The relationship on longleaf pines (Pinus palustris) 22–127 years old was examined in winter. Arthropod biomass m−2 on the bole, live limbs and dead limbs was related to tree age, radial growth 6–10 years before sampling and ambient temperature. Arthropod biomass m−2 declined with increasing tree age on the lower, mid- and upper bole; increased with tree age on dead limbs; and increased with tree age on live limbs until 80 years when it declined with increasing age. Slower growing trees had higher arthropod biomass m−2 for a given age than faster growing trees. Total arthropod biomass for the whole tree increased with tree age up to 86 years, when it declined with increasing tree age. However, the older the tree, the greater the arthropod biomass on dead limbs.

  • Citation: Hooper, Robert G. 1996. Arthropod biomass in winter and the age of longleaf pines. Forest Ecology and Management. 82(1-3): 115-131.
  • Keywords: Pinus palustris, Picoides borealis, tree age, prey base
  • Posted Date: March 12, 2020
  • Modified Date: March 17, 2020
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.