Managing an established tree invader: developing control methods for Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera) in maritime forests

  • Authors: Pile, Lauren S.; Wang, G. Geoff; Waldrop, Thomas A.; Walker, Joan L.; Bridges, William C.; Layton, Patricia A.
  • Publication Year: 2017
  • Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
  • Source: Journal of Forestry

Abstract

Biological invasions by woody species in forested ecosystems can have significant impacts on forest management and conservation. We designed and tested several management options based on the physiology of Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera [L.] Small). Specifically, we tested four treatments, including mastication, foliar herbicide, and fire (MHfolF), mastication and foliar herbicide (MHfol), dormant-stem herbicide and fire (HdorF), and dormant-stem herbicide (Hdor), to determine their efficacy in reducing the density and regeneration of this highly invasive tree species. Mastication treatments were significant in reducing density the first year but not after 3 years. Prescribed fire significantly reduced density combined with previous treatments. Regeneration coverage was highest on those sites with mastication, which was not affected by the addition of prescribed fire. Overall, we found that the most comprehensive treatment (MHfolF) was more effective in reducing density but did not result in a difference in the amount of regeneration after treatment.

  • Citation: Pile, Lauren S.; Wang, G. Geoff; Waldrop, Thomas A.; Walker, Joan L.; Bridges, William C.; Layton, Patricia A. 2017. Managing an established tree invader: developing control methods for Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera) in maritime forests. Journal of Forestry. 115(6): 522-529.
  • Keywords: mastication, herbicide, fire, slash pine
  • Posted Date: December 14, 2017
  • Modified Date: September 6, 2018
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.