Woodland Birds in Three Different Forest Types in Eastern Texas
Birds were censusedalong three routes through relatively mature forest in eastern Texas using the fixed circular plot technique. The routes sampled three forest types (based on tree species composition): (1)longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) Savannah, (2) mixed pine-hardwood forest, and (3) bottomland hardwood forest. Each route consisted of 20 plots censused twice monthly for one year. Censusing began at sunrise, included all birds seen or heard during a 3-min period at each plot and was completed within three hours. This paper includes 78 species that are regularly associated with forests (wood- land species). Nearctic-Neotropical migrant birds comprised two-thirds (52) of these woodland species. Only eight species were recorded in all three forest types during all four-seasons. Three species were observed only in thelongleaf pine savannah, one only in the mixed pine-hardwood forests and two only in the bottomland hardwood forests.