Scale problems in reporting landscape pattern at the regional scale
Remotely sensed data for Southeastern United States (Standard Federal Region 4) are used to examine the scale problems involved in reporting landscape pattern for a large, heterogeneous region. Frequency distribu-tions of landscape indices illustrate problems associated with the grain or resolution of the data. Grain should be 2 to 5 times smaller than the spatial features of interest. The analyses also reveal that the indices are sensi-tive to the calculation scale, i.e., the unit area or extent over which the index is computed. This "sample area" must be 2 to 5 times larger than landscape patches to avoid bias in calculating the indices.