Hydrological modeling in forested systems
Characterizing and quantifying interactions among components of the forest hydrological cycle is complex and usually requires a combination of field monitoring and modelling approaches (Weiler and McDonnell, 2004; National Research Council, 2008). Models are important tools for testing hypotheses, understanding hydrological processes and synthesizing experimental data (Sun et al., 1998, 2011). A well-calibrated model that incorporates the general principles of forest hydrology can supplement field measurements (e.g. Hydrograph Separation Program, HYSEP; Sloto and Crouse, 1996; Barlow et al., 2015) and in turn, these measurements can provide data to improve a model and its performance.