Regional economic contributions of the forest-based industries in the south
Forest-based industries (including forestry) make substantial direct contributions to the economy of the South, as well as contributing to pleasant living conditions and environmental protection. As of 1992, about 633,000 persons were employed in forest-based industries, comprising 1.5 percent of all southern employment. Total wages amounted to $15 billion in 1990, or 1.7 percent of all wages paid. Forest-based value added, which is the best measure of total net contributions for all economic sectors, amounted to $32 billion in 1991. This comprised 1.9 percent of the $1,666 billion in gross state product for the southern states. The value of shipments from forest industries, which includes the value added contributed by other sectors as well as forestry, amounted to $70 billion. Multipliers were calculated using IMPLAN for industrial output, employment, value added, regional income, and personal income. They indicate that forest-based industries have substantial indirect and induced effects in the southern economy - up to two or three times the direct impact, depending on the state, sector, and economic measure.