Behavior and ecology of exotic and native siricids and their hymenopteran parasitoids in southern pine standsThis article is part of a larger document. View the larger document here.
The Eurasian woodwasp, Sirex noctilio Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Siricidae), is an introduced invasive pest in North America. This siricid woodwasp is native to Europe, Asia, and Africa where it is considered to a secondary colonizer of conifer trees. However, it is a primary colonizer of conifer trees in its non-native zone in the Southern Hemisphere.