Alternative forest resource use - outdoor recreation and rural economics

  • Authors: Kebede, Ellene; Schelhas, John; Haslerig, Janet
  • Publication Year: 2008
  • Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
  • Source: Journal of Environmental Monitoring & Restoration 5:20-29
  • DOI: 10.4029/2008jemrest5no13


Since the 1980s demand for outdoor recreation has been increasing in the United States. Growing income and change in lifestyles have been cited as factors contributing to the increase in demand. This period also coincided with a decline in timber prices and loss of income to forest land owners. Forest-based recreation has intensified as a part of forest management activities and has compensated the fall in timber demand and contributed income to forest land owners that enhanced rural economies. About 75% of Alabama is under forest cover but little is known about forest recreation utilization and its effects on local communities. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between forestry and hunting/wildlife watching and its impact on property owners and the multiplier effect on rural economies. Expenditure figures for hunting and wildlife watching from the 2006 National Fish and Wildlife Survey, and IMPLAN Alabama economic data was used for the analysis. The result suggested that a dollar spent in hunting and wildlife will generate $2.04 in the economy. Hurting and wildlife earns 55% and forestry earns 35% while the rest of the industries share 10%. Furthermore, value added distribution showed that 38% accrues to property owners in the form of proprietor's income and other properly income. It is fair to say that outdoor recreation is as good source of income to forestland owners and also has a multiplier effect on rural economies.

  • Citation: Kebede, Ellene; Schelhas, John; Haslerig, Janet 2008. Alternative forest resource use - outdoor recreation and rural economics. Journal of Environmental Monitoring & Restoration 5:20-29.
  • Keywords: outdoor recreation, fores use, hunting, rural economies
  • Posted Date: January 5, 2010
  • Modified Date: September 16, 2010
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.