Practical extension of a Lake States tree height model
By adapting data from national and state champion lists and the predictions of an existing height model, an exponential function was developed to improvetree height estimation. As a case study, comparisons between the original and redesigned model were made with eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.). For
example, the heights predicted by the new design varied by centimeters from the original until the pines were more than 25 cm dbh, after which the differencesincreased notably. On a very good site (50-year base age site index [SI50] 27.4 m) at the upper end of the range of basal area (BA; 68.9 m2/ha) for
the region, the redesigned model predicted a champion-sized eastern white pine (actual measurements: 97.0 cm dbh, 50.9 m tall) to be 51.3 m tall, comparedwith 38.8 m using the original formulation under the same conditions. The NORTHWDS Individual Response Model (NIRM) individual tree model further
highlighted the influence of these differences with long-term simulations of eastern white pine height. On a moderate site (SI50 18.7 m) with intermediate(BA 15 m2/ha) stand density, NIRM results show that the original model consistently predicts heights to be 20 –30% lower for mature white pine.