Influence of harvesting on biogeochemical exchange in sheetflow and soil processes in a eutrophic floodplain forest

  • Authors: Lockaby, B.G.; Clawson, R.G.; Flynn, K.; Rummer, Robert; Meadows, S.; Stokes, B; Stanturf, John A.
  • Publication Year: 1997
  • Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
  • Source: Forest Ecology and Management 90 (1997) 187-194

Abstract

Floodplain forests contribute to the maintenance of water quality as a result of various biogeochemical transformations which occur within them. In particular, they can serve as sinks for nutrient run-off from adjacent uplands or as nutrient transformers as water moves downstream. However, little is known about the potential that land management activities may have for alteration of these biogeochemical functions. This paper examines the effects of three harvesting regimes (unharvested control, clearcut, and partial cut) on the physical and chemical parameters within the Flint River floodplain located in southwestern Georgia, USA. Data presented in this paper were collected during the year following initiation of the harvesting treatments which occurred in September of 1993. Sheetflow water chemistry (total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), nitrate (NO-3), phosphate (PO3-4), sulfate (SO2-4). calcium ((Ca), potassium (K+), magnesium (Mg2+), ammonium (NH+4), total phosphorous (P), total nitrogen (N), total carbon (C), dissolved organic carbon (DOC)), sedimentation rates, depth of soil oxidation after flooding, saturated hydraulic conductivity, and bulk density were measured. During the year immediately after treatment installation, alterations in some of the physical and chemical properties (TDS, NO-3, total P, and K+) of floodwaters crossing harvest plots were detected. Soil oxidation depths, saturated hydraulic conductivity and bulk density also changed with treatment. The meaning of the changes detected is uncertain but they suggest the nature of potential changes in nutrient spiralling and non-point source cumulative effects that may occur within a managed watershed. Second-year data may offer an interesting comparison of sheetflow chemistry and sedimentation changes between vegetated and non-vegetated conditions.

  • Citation: Lockaby, B.G.; Clawson, R.G.; Flynn, K.; Rummer, Robert; Meadows, S.; Stokes, B; Stanturf, John A. 1997. Influence of harvesting on biogeochemical exchange in sheetflow and soil processes in a eutrophic floodplain forest. Forest Ecology and Management 90 (1997) 187-194
  • Keywords: Wetland forests, Silvicullure, Water chemistry
  • Posted Date: April 1, 1980
  • Modified Date: August 22, 2006
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