Biosorbents prepared from wood particles treated with anionic polymer and iron salt: Effect of particle size on phosphate adsorption

  • Authors: Eberhardt, Thomas L.; Min, Soo-Hong
  • Publication Year: 2008
  • Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
  • Source: Bioresource Technology Vol. 99 Issue 3, 2008 626?630

Abstract

Biomass-based adsorbents have been widely studied as a cost-effective and environmentally-benign means to remove pollutants and nutrients from water. A two-stage treatment of aspen wood particles with solutions of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and ferrous chloride afforded a biosorbent that was effective in removing phosphate from test solutions. FTIR spectroscopy of the biosorbent samples showed a decrease in the intensity of the carboxylate signal coinciding with a decrease in particle size. Elemental analysis results showed the iron content of both the biosorbent samples, and wood particles treated with ferrous chloride alone, to also decrease with particle size. The relationship between iron content and particle size for the biosorbent samples appeared to be a function of both the amount of CMC?Fe complex and the effciency of removing free iron ions after treating. Sorption testing results showed a strong linear correlation between the phosphorous uptake capacities and the iron contents of the samples adjusted for losses of iron during testing. As anticipated, pretreating with the anionic polymer provided additional sites to complex iron and thereby imparted a greater phosphorous uptake capacity. Although the larger wood particles provided a greater amount of iron for phosphate removal, smaller wood particles may be preferred since they afforded the lowest release of iron relative to the amount of phosphate removed.

  • Citation: Eberhardt, Thomas L.; Min, Soo-Hong 2008. Biosorbents prepared from wood particles treated with anionic polymer and iron salt: Effect of particle size on phosphate adsorption. Bioresource Technology Vol. 99 Issue 3, 2008 626?630
  • Keywords: Adsorption; Biomass; Biosorbent; Carboxymethyl cellulose; Phosphate
  • Posted Date: December 22, 2008
  • Modified Date: December 22, 2008
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.