Eastern U.S. Select Export Species Hardwood Resources
The United States has become a major player in the export side of the world marketplace for hardwood logs, lumber, and veneer. For the last 10 years, U.S. exports of these products have been growing, and the future looks bright. The major hardwood species demanded on the export market are the select red and white oaks, yellow birch, hard maple, black walnut, black cherry, and the ashes. We will refer to this group as the select export species. The select oaks make up about two-thirds of the U.S. hardwood product exports. The other select species make up most of the remaining one-third of our hardwood exports. Because U.S. hardwood exports are centered around this group of species and the domestic market for these species is strong, several questions arise that need answers if demanders are to be assured of continued adequate supplies of these species. For instance, if recent wood use trends continue, can the United States continue to supply the export market--can U.S. exports increase? Are U.S. resources being depleted? How much secondary-quality material will be produced in the future while generating the needed top-quality clear, or almost clear, export material? To answer these questions, we must look at the estimated 1985 sawtimber volumes for the Eastern United States and for the Northern and Southern regions, and projections for 1990, 1995, and 2000. Next, we must look at the log grade distribution in U.S. commercial sawtimber resources and translate these data into estimates of top-, secondary-, and lower-grade lumber output.
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