Development of a Southern Appalachian Hardwood Stand After Clearcutting
A mixed hardwood stand composed of 53% oak (Quercus spp.), 33% yellow-poplar(Liriodendron tulipifera L.), and 14% other species, was clearcut in 1963. Twenty years later a developing, even-aged stand of predominantly sprout origin is dominated by yellow-poplar, black locust(Robinia pseudoacacia L.), redmaple (Acer rubrum L.), and sweet birch (Betula lenta L.). The oaks are a minor and decreasing component.
This and other studies suggest that clearcuts on good sites in the Southern Appalachians will be dominated by aggressive intolerant species - mainly yellow-poplar. If a larger oak component is desired, measures to ensure strong advance reproduction and lessen competition from prolific sprouters suchas redmaple will be necessary.