Experimental Forests & Ranges
Chelcy F. Miniat
3160 Coweeta Lab Road
Otto, NC 28763
Phone: 828-524-2128 x118
My research is centered on developing a mechanistic understanding of watershed ecosystem function by studying how abiotic and biotic factors (e.g., species, environmental variables, disturbances) regulate carbon, nutrient, and water cycling processes. My personal research spans the continuum from the organism, to stands, to landscapes and includes determination of the roles of species and natural and anthropogenic disturbances (including forest management activities) in regulating ecosystem hydrologic processes. I am conducting a combination of ecophysiological and ecosystem studies at multiple scales to understand and forecast how evapotranspiration and streamflow are regulated by biotic and abiotic factors.
My primary areas of emphasis are: (1) quantifying rates of and driving mechanisms influencing water and carbon fluxes in trees across a range of environmental conditions; and (2) scaling these measurements spatially and temporally, often in a predictive manner, to make inferences on forest ecosystem processes (e.g., forest hydrologic and carbon cycles) under changing management or climatic conditions.
Why This Research is Important
Being able to resolve the importance of species identity on the water cycle is challenging, but critical for addressing questions of management, natural disturbances, and climate change on stream flow. Management and natural distrubance often create forests with specific species and structure. Climate change will have a similar effect. Because the average rate at which ecosystems must shift geographically to keep pace with changing temperatures as a result of global warming is 0.42 km/year, most ecosystems will face temperature increases faster than species will be able to migrate or adapt, leading to mass extinction of many plant species. Thus, developing an understanding of species-level variation on forest processes will allow us to predict the impacts of invasive insects (e.g. hemlock woolly adelgid) and disease (e.g. chestnut blight), climate change (i.e., by linking stress physiology with population dynamics), and develop management options to adapt to or mitigate the impacts on stream flow.
- University of Georgia, Ph. D. Forest Resources, 2004
- University of South Florida, M.S. Botany, 1999
- Georgia Institute of Technology, B.S. Applied Biology, 1997
- Research Project Leader and Ecologist, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Center for Forest Watershed Research, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory
2012 - Current
- Research Ecologist, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Center for Forest Watershed Research, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory
2006 - 2012
- Graduate Research Assistant, Environmental Protection Agency STAR Graduate Fellow, Univeristy of Georgia, Warnell School of Forest Resources
2004 - 2008
- Technician, Univeristy of South Florida, Department of Biology
2000 - 2000
- Grantee, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL), Western Ecology Division
1999 - 2000
- Graduate Research Assistant, University of South Florida, Department of Biology
1997 - 1999
- Technician, Georgia Department of Natural Resources/Environmental Protection Division
1993 - 1994
- American Geophysical Union, Member (2006 - Current)
- Ecological Society of America, Member (2002 - Current)
- American Institute of Biological Sciences, Member (2002 - 2002)
Featured Publications & Products
- Wurzburger, Nina; Miniat, Chelcy Ford. 2013. Drought enhances symbiotic dinitrogen fixation and competitive ability of a temperate forest tree.
- Brantley, Steven; Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M. 2013. Future species composition will affect forest water use after loss of eastern hemlock from southern Appalachian forests.
- Clinton, Barton , D..; Maier, Chris , A..; Ford, Chelcy , R..; Mitchell, Robert , J. 2011. Transient changes in transpiration, and stem and soil CO2 efflux in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) following fire-induced leaf area reduction.
- Vose, James , M..; Sun, Ge; Ford, Chelcy , R..; Bredemeier, Michael; Ostsuki, Kyoichi; Wei, Adam; Zhang, Zhiqiang; Zang, Lu. 2011. Forest ecohydrological research in the 21st century: what are the critical needs?.
- Sun, Ge; Alstad, Karrin; Chen, Jiquan; Chen, Shiping; Ford, Chelcy R.; et., al. 2011. A general predictive model for estimating monthly ecosystem evapotranspiration.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Hubbard, Robert M.; Vose, James M. 2010. Quantifying structural and physiological controls on variation in canopy transpiration among planted pine and hardwood species in the southern Appalachians.
- Novick, K.; Brantley, S.; Miniat, C. Ford; Walker, J.; Vose, J.M. 2014. Inferring the contribution of advection to total ecosystem scalar fluxes over a tall forest in complex terrain.
Publications & Products
- Brantley, Steven T.; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Elliott, Katherine J.; Laseter, Stephanie H.; Vose, James M. 2014. Changes to southern Appalachian water yield and stormflow after loss of a foundation species.
- Creed, Irena F.; Spargo, Adam T.; Jones, Julia A.; Buttle, Jim M.; Adams, Mary B.; Beall, Fred D.; Booth, Eric G.; Campbell, John L.; Clow, Dave; Elder, Kelly; Green, Mark B.; Grimm, Nancy B.; Miniat, Chelcy; Ramlal, Patricia; Saha, Amartya; Sebestyen, Stephen; Spittlehouse, Dave; Sterling, Shannon; Williams, Mark W.; Winkler, Rita; Yao, Huaxia. 2014. Changing forest water yields in response to climate warming: results from long-term experimental watershed sites across North America.
- Hartman, Melannie D.; Baron, Jill S.; Ewing, Holly A.; Weathers, Kathleen C.; Miniat, Chelcy. 2014. Combined global change effects on ecosystem processes in nine U.S.
- Hwang, Taehee; Band, Lawrence E.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Song, Conghe; Bolstad, Paul V .; Vose, James M.; Love, Jason P. 2014. Divergent phenological response to hydroclimate variability in forested mountain watersheds.
- Rocca, Monique E.; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Mitchell, Robert J. 2014. Editorial. Introduction to the regional assessments: Climate change, wildfire, and forest ecosystem services in the USA.
- Laseter, Stephanie; Miniat, Chelcy; Vose, James. 2014. Flow Down! Can managing forests help maintain water supplies in the face of climate change?.
- Ryan, Michael G.; Vose, James M.; Hanson, Paul J.; Iverson, Louis R.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Luce, Charles H.; Band, Lawrence E.; Klein, Steven L.; McKenzie, Don; Wear, David N. 2014. Forest processes [Chapter 3].
- Mitchell, Robert J.; Liu, Yongqiang; O’Brien, Joseph J.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Starr, Gregory; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Hiers, J. Kevin. 2014. Future climate and fire interactions in the southeastern region of the United States.
- Marion, Daniel A.; Sun, Ge; Caldwell, Peter V.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Ouyang, Ying; Amatya, Devendra M.; Clinton, Barton D.; Conrads, Paul A.; Gull Laird, Shelby; Dai, Zhaohua; Clingenpeel, J. Alan; Liu, Yonqiang; Roehl, Edwin A., Jr..; Moore Myers, Jennifer A.; Trettin, Carl. 2014. Managing forest water quantity and quality under climate change.
- Miniat, Chelcy. 2013. Coweeta (CWT) [USFS, LTER].
- Lockaby, Graeme; Nagy, Chelsea; Vose, James M.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Sun, Ge; McNulty, Steve; Caldwell, Pete; Cohen, Erika; Moore Myers, Jennifer . 2013. Forests and water.
- Vose, James M.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Laseter, Stephanie; Dymond, Salli; Sun, Ge; Adams, Mary Beth; Sebestyen, Stephen; Campbell, John; Luce, Charlie; Amatya, Devendra; Elder, Kelly; Heartsill Scalley, Tamara. 2012. Can forest watershed management mitigate climate change effects on water resources.
- Jones, Julia A.; Creed, Irena F.; Hatcher, Kendra L.; Warren, Robert J.; Adams, Mary Beth; Benson, Melinda H.; Boose, Emery; Brown, Warren A.; Campbell, John L.; Covich, Alan; Clow, David W.; Dahm, Clifford N.; Elder, Kelly; Ford, Chelcy R.; Grimm, Nancy B.; Henshaw, Donald L; Larson, Kelli L.; Miles, Evan S.; Miles, Kathleen M.; Sebestyen, Stephen D.; Spargo, Adam T.; Stone, Asa B.; Vose, James M.; Williams, Mark W. 2012. Ecosystem processes and human influences regulate streamflow response to climate change at long-term ecological research sites.
- Band, Lawrence E.; Hwang, T.; Hales, T.C.; Vose, James; Ford, Chelcy. 2012. Ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: mapping and modeling ecohydrological controls.
- Laseter, Stephanie H.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M.; Swift, Lloyd W., Jr. 2012. Long-term temperature and precipitation trends at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, North Carolina, USA.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; McGee, Jason; Scandellari, Francesca; Hobbie, Erik A.; Mitchell, Robert J. 2012. Long– and short-term precipitation effects on soil CO2 efflux and total belowground carbon allocation.
- Ford, Chelcy , R..; Laseter, Stephanie , H..; Swank, Wayne, T..; Vose, James , M. 2011. Can forest management be used to sustain water-based ecosystem service in the face of climate change?.
- Lockaby, Graeme; Nagy, Chelsea; Vose, James M.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Sun, Ge; McNulty, Steve; Caldwell, Pete; Cohen, Erika; Moore Meyers, Jennifer. 2011. Chapter 13: Water and Forests.
- Vose, James , M..; Ford, Chelcy , R. 2011. Early successional forest habitats and water resources.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Clinton, Barton D.; Kloeppel, Brian D.; Vose, James M. 2011. Forest dynamics following eastern hemlock mortality in the southern Appalachians.
- Laird, Shelby G.; Ford, C.R.; Laseter, S.H.; Vose, J.M. 2011. Long-term forest management and climate effects on streamflow.
- Rao, L.Y.; Sun, G.; Ford, C.R.; Vose, J.M. 2011. Modeling potential evapotranspiration of two forested watersheds in the southern Appalachians.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Minor, Emily S.; Fox, Gordon A. 2010. Long-term effects of fire and fire-return interval on population structure and growth of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris).
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Reynolds, Barbara C.; Vose, James. 2010. Xylem transport models optimize effectiveness of systemic insecticide applications for controlling hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae).
- Hales, T.C.; Ford, C.R.; Hwang, T.; Vose, J.M.; Band, L.E. 2009.
Topographic and ecologic controls on root reinforcement.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M. 2009. Woolly bully: estimating the effect of an invasive insect on an area’s water cycle.
- Nuckolls, April E.; Wurzburger, Nina; Ford, Chelcy R.; Hendrick, Ronald L.; Vose, James M.; Kloeppel, Brian D. 2008. Hemlock declines rapidly with hemlock woolly adelgid infestation: impacts on the carbon cycle of the Southern Appalachian forests.
- Zeppel, Melanie; Macinnis-Ng, Catrioina M.O.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Eamus, Derek. 2008. The response of sap flow to pulses of rain in a temperate Australian woodland.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M. 2007. Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr, mortality will impact hydrologic processes in southern Appalachian forest ecosystems.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Hubbard, Robert M.; Kloeppel, Brian D.; Vose, James M. 2007. A comparison of sap flux-based evapotranspiration estimates with catchment-scale water balance.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Wurzburger, Nina; Henderick, Ronald L.; Teskey, Robert O. 2007. Soil DIC uptake and fixation in Pinus taeda seedlings and its C contribution to plant tissues and ectomycorrhizal fungi.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M.; Daley, Michael; Phillips, Nathan. 2007. Use of water by eastern hemlock: implications for systemic insecticide application.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M. 2006. Eastern hemlock transpiration: patterns, controls, and implications for its decline in southern Appalachian forests.
- Ellison, Aaron M.; Bank, Michael S.; Clinton, Barton D.; Colburn, Elizabeth A.; Elliott, Katherine; Ford, Chelcy Rae; Foster, David R.; Kloeppel, Brian D.; Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Lovett, Gary M.; Mohan, Jacqueline; Orwig, David A.; Rodenhouse, Nicholas L.; Sobczak, William V.; Stinson, Kristina A.; Stone, Jeffrey K.; Swan, Christopher M.; Thompson, Jill; Holle, Betsy Von; Webster, Jackson R. 2005. Loss of foundation species: consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems.
|Forest Community Dynamics After Widespread Die-Off From an Invasive Insect|
Understanding how microclimate and forest community respond to eastern hemlock die-off