Chelcy F. MiniatProject Leader
Otto, NC 28763
My research is centered on developing a mechanistic understanding of watershed ecosystem function by studying how abiotic and biotic factors (e.g., species, environmental variables, disturbances) regulate carbon, nutrient, and water cycling processes. My personal research spans the continuum from the organism, to stands, to landscapes and includes determination of the roles of species and natural and anthropogenic disturbances (including forest management activities) in regulating ecosystem hydrologic processes. I am conducting a combination of ecophysiological and ecosystem studies at multiple scales to understand and forecast how evapotranspiration and streamflow are regulated by biotic and abiotic factors.
My primary areas of emphasis are: (1) quantifying rates of and driving mechanisms influencing water and carbon fluxes in trees across a range of environmental conditions; and (2) scaling these measurements spatially and temporally, often in a predictive manner, to make inferences on forest ecosystem processes (e.g., forest hydrologic and carbon cycles) under changing management or climatic conditions.
Why This Research is Important
Being able to resolve the importance of species identity on the water cycle is challenging, but critical for addressing questions of management, natural disturbances, and climate change on stream flow. Management and natural distrubance often create forests with specific species and structure. Climate change will have a similar effect. Because the average rate at which ecosystems must shift geographically to keep pace with changing temperatures as a result of global warming is 0.42 km/year, most ecosystems will face temperature increases faster than species will be able to migrate or adapt, leading to mass extinction of many plant species. Thus, developing an understanding of species-level variation on forest processes will allow us to predict the impacts of invasive insects (e.g. hemlock woolly adelgid) and disease (e.g. chestnut blight), climate change (i.e., by linking stress physiology with population dynamics), and develop management options to adapt to or mitigate the impacts on stream flow.
- Ph.D. in Forest Resources, 2004
- University of Georgia
- M.S. in Botany, 1999
- University of South Florida
- B.S. in Applied Biology, 1997
- Georgia Institute of Technology
- Research Project Leader and Ecologist, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Center for Forest Watershed Research, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory
- Research Ecologist, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Center for Forest Watershed Research, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory
- Graduate Research Assistant, Environmental Protection Agency STAR Graduate Fellow, Univeristy of Georgia, Warnell School of Forest Resources
- Technician, Univeristy of South Florida, Department of Biology
- Grantee, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL), Western Ecology Division
- Graduate Research Assistant, University of South Florida, Department of Biology
- Technician, Georgia Department of Natural Resources/Environmental Protection Division
- American Geophysical Union, Member (2006—Current)
- Ecological Society of America, Member (2002—Current)
- American Institute of Biological Sciences, Member (2002—2002)
Featured Publications and Products
- Wurzburger, Nina; Miniat, Chelcy Ford. 2013. Drought enhances symbiotic dinitrogen fixation and competitive ability of a temperate forest tree.
- Brantley, Steven; Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M. 2013. Future species composition will affect forest water use after loss of eastern hemlock from southern Appalachian forests.
- Clinton, Barton , D..; Maier, Chris , A..; Ford, Chelcy , R..; Mitchell, Robert , J. 2011. Transient changes in transpiration, and stem and soil CO2 efflux in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) following fire-induced leaf area reduction.
- Vose, James , M..; Sun, Ge; Ford, Chelcy , R..; Bredemeier, Michael; Ostsuki, Kyoichi; Wei, Adam; Zhang, Zhiqiang; Zang, Lu. 2011. Forest ecohydrological research in the 21st century: what are the critical needs? .
- Sun, Ge; Alstad, Karrin; Chen, Jiquan; Chen, Shiping; Ford, Chelcy R.; et., al. 2011. A general predictive model for estimating monthly ecosystem evapotranspiration.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Hubbard, Robert M.; Vose, James M. 2010. Quantifying structural and physiological controls on variation in canopy transpiration among planted pine and hardwood species in the southern Appalachians.
- Novick, K.; Brantley, S.; Miniat, C. Ford; Walker, J.; Vose, J.M. 2014. Inferring the contribution of advection to total ecosystem scalar fluxes over a tall forest in complex terrain.
- Caldwell, Peter; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Aubrey, Doug; Jackson, Rhett; McDonnell, Jeff; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S. 2016. Precipitation partitioning in short rotation bioenergy crops: implications for downstream water availability..
- Oishi, Andrew C.; Miniat, Chelcy F. 2016. An interactive tool for processing sap flux data from thermal dissipation probes.
- Novick, Kimberly A.; Oishi, Andrew C.; Miniat, Chelcy Ford. 2016. Cold air drainage flows subsidize montane valley ecosystem productivity.
- Caldwell, Peter V.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Swank, Wayne. T.; Brantley, Steven T.; Laseter, Stephanie H. 2016. Declining water yield from forested mountain watersheds in response to climate change and forest mesophication.
- Novick, Kimberly A.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Vose, James M. 2016. Drought limitations to leaf-level gas exchange: results from a model linking stomatal optimization and cohesion-tension theory.
- Vose, James M.; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Luce, Charles H.; Asbjornsen, Heidi; Caldwell, Peter V.; Campbell, John L.; Grant, Gordon E.; Isaak, Daniel J.; Loheide, Steven P., II.; Sun, Ge. 2016. Echohydrological implications of drought for forests in the United States.
- Vose, James M.; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Luce, Charlie. 2016. Ecohydrological implications of drought.
- Brantley, Steven T.; Schulte, Morgan L.; Bolstad, Paul V.; Miniat, Chelcy F. 2016. Equations for estimating biomass, foliage area, and sapwood of small trees in the southern Appalachians.
- Webster, J. R.; Knoepp, Jennifer; Swank, Wayne; Miniat, Chelcy. 2016. Evidence for a regime shift in nitrogen export from a forested watershed.
- Wooten, Richard M.; Witt, Anne C.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Hales, Tristram C.; Aldred, Jennifer L. 2016. Frequency and magnitude of selected historical landslide events in the southern Appalachian Highlands of North Carolina and Virginia: relationships to rainfall, geological and ecohydrological controls, and effects.
- Caldwell, Peter; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Brantley, Steven; Elliott, Katherine; Laseter, Stephanie; Swank, Wayne. 2016. Long term records provide insights on the relative influence of climate and forest community structure on water yield in the southern Appalachians.
- Miniat, Chelcy F.; Zeitlow, David; Brantley, Steven T.; Mayfield, Albert (Bud); Rhea, Rusty; Jetton, Robert; Arnold, Paul. . 2016. Physiological responses of eastern hemlock (Tsuga Canadensis) to biological control and silvicultural release: implications for hemlock restoration.
- Berdanier, Aaron B.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Clark, James S.; Phillips, Nathan. 2016. Predictive models for radial sap flux variation in coniferous, diffuse-porous and ring-porous temperate trees.
- Elliott, Katherine; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Knoepp, Jennifer; Crump, Michael A.; Jackson, C. Rhett. 2016. Restoration of southern Appalachian riparian forest affected by eastern hemlock mortality.
- Knoepp, Jennifer; Elliott, Katherine J.; Jackson, William A.; Vose, James M.; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Zarnoch, Stan. 2016. Soil and stream chemistry relationships in high elevation waters.
- Kelly, Charlene N.; McGuire, Kevin J.; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Vose, James M. 2016. Streamflow response to increasing precipitation extremes altered by forest management.
- Brantley, Steven T.; Bolstad, Paul V.; Laseter, Stephanie H.; Oishi, A. Christopher; Novick, Kimberly A.; Miniat, Chelcy F. 2016. Variations in canopy and litter interception across a forest chronosequence in the southern Appalachian Mountains.
- Elliott, Katherine J.; Ford Miniat, Chelcy; Pederson, Neil; Laseter, Stephanie H. 2015. Forest tree growth response to hydroclimate variability in the southern Appalachians.
- Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Taylor, Scott R.; Boring, Lindsay R.; Miniat, Chelcy F. 2015. Influence of forest disturbance on stable nitrogen isotope ratios in soil and vegetation profiles.
- Hwang, Taehee; Band, Lawrence E.; Hales, T. C.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Vose, James M.; Bolstad, Paul V.; Miles, Brian; Price, Katie. 2015. Simulating vegetation controls on hurricane-induced shallow landslides with a distributed ecohydrological model.
- Brantley, Steven T.; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Elliott, Katherine J.; Laseter, Stephanie H.; Vose, James M. 2014. Changes to southern Appalachian water yield and stormflow after loss of a foundation species.
- Creed, Irena F.; Spargo, Adam T.; Jones, Julia A.; Buttle, Jim M.; Adams, Mary B.; Beall, Fred D.; Booth, Eric G.; Campbell, John L.; Clow, Dave; Elder, Kelly; Green, Mark B.; Grimm, Nancy B.; Miniat, Chelcy; Ramlal, Patricia; Saha, Amartya; Sebestyen, Stephen; Spittlehouse, Dave; Sterling, Shannon; Williams, Mark W.; Winkler, Rita; Yao, Huaxia. 2014. Changing forest water yields in response to climate warming: results from long-term experimental watershed sites across North America.
- Hartman, Melannie D.; Baron, Jill S.; Ewing, Holly A.; Weathers, Kathleen C.; Miniat, Chelcy. 2014. Combined global change effects on ecosystem processes in nine U.S.
- Hwang, Taehee; Band, Lawrence E.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Song, Conghe; Bolstad, Paul V .; Vose, James M.; Love, Jason P. 2014. Divergent phenological response to hydroclimate variability in forested mountain watersheds.
- Rocca, Monique E.; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Mitchell, Robert J. 2014. Editorial. Introduction to the regional assessments: Climate change, wildfire, and forest ecosystem services in the USA.
- Laseter, Stephanie; Miniat, Chelcy; Vose, James. 2014. Flow Down! Can managing forests help maintain water supplies in the face of climate change?.
- Ryan, Michael G.; Vose, James M.; Hanson, Paul J.; Iverson, Louis R.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Luce, Charles H.; Band, Lawrence E.; Klein, Steven L.; McKenzie, Don; Wear, David N. 2014. Forest processes [Chapter 3].
- Mitchell, Robert J.; Liu, Yongqiang; O’Brien, Joseph J.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Starr, Gregory; Miniat, Chelcy Ford; Hiers, J. Kevin. 2014. Future climate and fire interactions in the southeastern region of the United States.
- Marion, Daniel A.; Sun, Ge; Caldwell, Peter V.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Ouyang, Ying; Amatya, Devendra M.; Clinton, Barton D.; Conrads, Paul A.; Gull Laird, Shelby; Dai, Zhaohua; Clingenpeel, J. Alan; Liu, Yonqiang; Roehl, Edwin A., Jr..; Moore Myers, Jennifer A.; Trettin, Carl. 2014. Managing forest water quantity and quality under climate change.
- Vose, James M.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Sun, Ge; Caldwell, Peter V. 2014. Potential implications for expansion of freeze-tolerant eucalyptus plantations on water resources in the southern United States.
- Miniat, Chelcy. 2013. Coweeta (CWT) [USFS, LTER].
- Lockaby, Graeme; Nagy, Chelsea; Vose, James M.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Sun, Ge; McNulty, Steve; Caldwell, Pete; Cohen, Erika; Moore Myers, Jennifer . 2013. Forests and water.
- Vose, James M.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Laseter, Stephanie; Dymond, Salli; Sun, Ge; Adams, Mary Beth; Sebestyen, Stephen; Campbell, John; Luce, Charlie; Amatya, Devendra; Elder, Kelly; Heartsill Scalley, Tamara. 2012. Can forest watershed management mitigate climate change effects on water resources.
- Jones, Julia A.; Creed, Irena F.; Hatcher, Kendra L.; Warren, Robert J.; Adams, Mary Beth; Benson, Melinda H.; Boose, Emery; Brown, Warren A.; Campbell, John L.; Covich, Alan; Clow, David W.; Dahm, Clifford N.; Elder, Kelly; Ford, Chelcy R.; Grimm, Nancy B.; Henshaw, Donald L; Larson, Kelli L.; Miles, Evan S.; Miles, Kathleen M.; Sebestyen, Stephen D.; Spargo, Adam T.; Stone, Asa B.; Vose, James M.; Williams, Mark W. 2012. Ecosystem processes and human influences regulate streamflow response to climate change at long-term ecological research sites.
- Band, Lawrence E.; Hwang, T.; Hales, T.C.; Vose, James; Ford, Chelcy. 2012. Ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: mapping and modeling ecohydrological controls.
- Laseter, Stephanie H.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M.; Swift, Lloyd W., Jr. 2012. Long-term temperature and precipitation trends at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, North Carolina, USA.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; McGee, Jason; Scandellari, Francesca; Hobbie, Erik A.; Mitchell, Robert J. 2012. Long– and short-term precipitation effects on soil CO2 efflux and total belowground carbon allocation.
- Ford, Chelcy , R..; Laseter, Stephanie , H..; Swank, Wayne, T..; Vose, James , M. 2011. Can forest management be used to sustain water-based ecosystem service in the face of climate change?.
- Lockaby, Graeme; Nagy, Chelsea; Vose, James M.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Sun, Ge; McNulty, Steve; Caldwell, Pete; Cohen, Erika; Moore Meyers, Jennifer. 2011. Chapter 13: Water and Forests.
- Vose, James , M..; Ford, Chelcy , R. 2011. Early successional forest habitats and water resources.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Clinton, Barton D.; Kloeppel, Brian D.; Vose, James M. 2011. Forest dynamics following eastern hemlock mortality in the southern Appalachians.
- Laird, Shelby G.; Ford, C.R.; Laseter, S.H.; Vose, J.M. 2011. Long-term forest management and climate effects on streamflow.
- Rao, L.Y.; Sun, G.; Ford, C.R.; Vose, J.M. 2011. Modeling potential evapotranspiration of two forested watersheds in the southern Appalachians.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Minor, Emily S.; Fox, Gordon A. 2010. Long-term effects of fire and fire-return interval on population structure and growth of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris).
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Reynolds, Barbara C.; Vose, James. 2010. Xylem transport models optimize effectiveness of systemic insecticide applications for controlling hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae).
- Hales, T.C.; Ford, C.R.; Hwang, T.; Vose, J.M.; Band, L.E. 2009. Topographic and ecologic controls on root reinforcement.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M. 2009. Woolly bully: estimating the effect of an invasive insect on an area’s water cycle.
- Nuckolls, April E.; Wurzburger, Nina; Ford, Chelcy R.; Hendrick, Ronald L.; Vose, James M.; Kloeppel, Brian D. 2008. Hemlock declines rapidly with hemlock woolly adelgid infestation: impacts on the carbon cycle of the Southern Appalachian forests.
- Zeppel, Melanie; Macinnis-Ng, Catrioina M.O.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Eamus, Derek. 2008. The response of sap flow to pulses of rain in a temperate Australian woodland.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M. 2007. Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr, mortality will impact hydrologic processes in southern Appalachian forest ecosystems.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Hubbard, Robert M.; Kloeppel, Brian D.; Vose, James M. 2007. A comparison of sap flux-based evapotranspiration estimates with catchment-scale water balance.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Wurzburger, Nina; Henderick, Ronald L.; Teskey, Robert O. 2007. Soil DIC uptake and fixation in Pinus taeda seedlings and its C contribution to plant tissues and ectomycorrhizal fungi.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M.; Daley, Michael; Phillips, Nathan. 2007. Use of water by eastern hemlock: implications for systemic insecticide application.
- Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M. 2006. Eastern hemlock transpiration: patterns, controls, and implications for its decline in southern Appalachian forests.
- Ellison, Aaron M.; Bank, Michael S.; Clinton, Barton D.; Colburn, Elizabeth A.; Elliott, Katherine; Ford, Chelcy Rae; Foster, David R.; Kloeppel, Brian D.; Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Lovett, Gary M.; Mohan, Jacqueline; Orwig, David A.; Rodenhouse, Nicholas L.; Sobczak, William V.; Stinson, Kristina A.; Stone, Jeffrey K.; Swan, Christopher M.; Thompson, Jill; Holle, Betsy Von; Webster, Jackson R. 2005. Loss of foundation species: consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems.
- Assessment of the Interaction of Climate Change, Fire, and Forests in the U.S. Published (2014)
- Fire has been one of the most frequent and severe disturbances to ecosystems globally and, as such, one of the major regulators of forest composition, function and dynamics. Any consideration of forests under a changing climate regime, therefore, must be viewed through a prism of fire interactions. A special section of the September issue of Forest Ecology and Management assesses the interactions among fire, climate change, and forests for five major regions of the United States.
- Forest Community Dynamics After Widespread Die-Off From an Invasive Insect (2012)
- Understanding how microclimate and forest community respond to eastern hemlock die-off
- Loss of Eastern Hemlock Affects Peak Flows after Extreme Storm Events (2014)
- Few studies have examined how insect outbreaks affect landscape-level hydrologic processes. In this study, Forest Service scientists report the hydrologic effects of the invasive, exotic Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in a headwater catchment in the southern Appalachian Mountains.
- Quantifying the Role of National Forest System Lands in Providing Surface Drinking Water Supply for the Southern United States (2014)
- In the South, as in the rest of the U.S., people and communities depend on forests as the headwaters for clean and dependable water supply. A new publication by U.S. Forest Service researchers provides details at the landscape level on the quantity of water southern communities receive from federal, state and private forest lands. The report provides, for the first time, scientifically credible information on the exact extent and importance of forests to drinking water in the South.