Participation in Outdoor Recreation Activities by People Living in Region 2

Foreword: This report is one in a series of reports updating statistics in the book, Outdoor Recreation for 21st Century America, published by Venture Publishing in 2004 (http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/trends/or21c.html). The report series is entitled Recreation and Tourism Statistics Update (RTSU). This RTSU focuses on participation in outdoor activities by people who live in states in the region. In future RTSU reports, we will focus on other regions. All statistics are based on the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment (NSRE). (Click here to see a listing of the recreation statistics provided in this report. Click on the table title to pull up any table of interest.)

Introduction

The 2000-2004 National Survey on Recreation and the Environment (NSRE http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/trends/Nsre/nsre2.html) was the 8th in a series of national recreation surveys that began in 1960. The NSRE is a partnership between the Research and Development Branch of the U. S. Forest Service; The Coastal and Ocean Resource Economics Program of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; the University of Tennessee Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries; and the University of Georgia Warnell School of Forest and Natural Resources. Other agencies and interests help sponsor and conduct the NSRE at various times including the Bureau of Land Management, The Environmental Protection Agency, The United States Coast Guard, states, and non-governmental organizations. Data collection methodology has varied over the years, as have portions of survey content. But two primary survey sections have endured to make up the 'core' of all the former and as well as the current NSRE surveys, outdoor recreation participation and demographics. In this report series, the most recent NSRE data are presented as a series of tables that describe outdoor recreation by the general public age 16 and older.

The NSRE is a general population telephone survey. It focuses on outdoor recreation activities wherever they may occur, not just those in the national forest. The value of this information lies in the insights it provides into overall population demands for outdoor recreation. Population-wide demands can represent broad interests which a national forest might serve.

The population density for the region featured in this RTSU report is shown in Figure 1 . National forest land is highlighted in green. Other colors indicate population density for each county in the region. (Click here to see a list of the states with total population, land area in square miles, and population density.)

A total of 68 tables are included as links in this report. In these tables are shown regional population and demographic characteristics, population-wide outdoor recreation activity participation rates, and participation rates for a number of demographic strata. An outdoor recreation participation rate is the proportion of people 16 or older living in counties in the region who indicated in the survey that they had participated in an outdoor activity 1 or more times during the past 12 months. Also shown in the tables is the estimated number of people living in the region who participated in each outdoor activity (number of participants). Number of participants was derived by multiplying the participation rate for each recreation activity by the corresponding population age 16 and older. Population numbers were based on July 1,2004 Census estimates.

Approach for Estimating Region Participation Rates

In 2005, Southern Research Station social scientists located in Athens, Georgia, developed a database of estimates of outdoor recreation participation rates for 80 activities at sub-state levels. These regional estimates represent another assessment of recreation participation rates. In addition to providing regional recreation demand estimates, the Athens research group has also provided estimates of participation rates for 30 different demographic strata based on the combination of 3 age groups, males and females, and 5 race/ethnicity groups. Hispanics included anyone of any race who considered themselves Hispanic or Latino. All other race or ethnic groups exclude anyone who identified themselves as Hispanics. The 30 resulting demographic groups include the following:

Age
16-34
35-54
55 & older


Sex
Males
Females



Race/Ethnicity
White
Black or African-American
Asian & Pacific Islander
American Indian or Native American
Hispanic or Latino

(Click here to see the regional population for each of the above 30 population strata.)

The NSRE data set is large and includes interviews of more than 81,000 persons age 16 and older nationwide. Participation rate estimates were produced for 80 different outdoor activities within each of the 30 demographic strata. An example is estimates of mountain biking participation for Asian females, age 35-54. In total, there are 2,400 such estimates-80 activities times 30 demographic strata. If an activity/strata combination did not have a minimum of 25 sample observations, then progressively larger-scale estimates were used as a better estimate of participation. Scale levels above the state include census division, census region, and finally national. If a national or census region estimate had to be used because the sample sizes were too small for a particular activity and demographic strata (i.e., <25), they were adjusted to conditions based on participation rate estimates of the total regional population.

Using the Tables in This Report

The 66 recreation participation tables are divided into 11 sets, with each set containing 6 tables. (Links to all tables are provided at the end of this report.) Each table shows participation rates and numbers for the three age groups and for all people age 16 and older. The first set of tables is for the total population age 16 and older across all race-by-sex demographic groups. Following those tables are 10 sets of 6 tables, one set for each race-by-sex demographic group. The tables in each set cover the 6 different categories of outdoor activities.

Within each table individual activities are listed down the left hand side (as row labels) and age group is listed across the top (as the column labels). Age groups include 16-34, 35-54, and 55+. The numbers within each table report participation rate (%) and estimated number of participants (#) for each activity across the 3 age groups. A summary column to the far right is provided to show participation rates and number of participants for all residents of the region age 16 and older. (The number of participants in the 3 age groups may not sum exactly to the number for participants age 16 and older due to rounding.)

For the total population and all race-by-sex demographic group tables, population estimates (Census, 2004) for the three age categories in the region appear in a footnote at the bottom of each table. The sum of these population estimates equals the population of people age 16 and older.

Each table may be transferred and/or printed individually for use in other reports or in presentations. Each can also be compared with statistics in any of the other 65 tables. There is no information about where the participation occurs. It may be on a national forest, on private land, or in any other outdoor setting. Estimates within tables indicate what people are doing for outdoor recreation. This is critical information for national forest planners as the agency seeks to serve and provide outdoor recreation opportunities for an increasingly diverse American public with different preferences. This information is complementary to National Visitor Use Monitoring statistics which report visitation specifically to national forests. The NSRE provides a broader look at outdoor recreation and potential other markets for national forests.

Links to Outdoor Recreation Participation Tables

Individual tables are identified below. Double click and wait somewhat patiently to be transported to the table you have chosen. To return to this page after viewing the chosen table, use the "go back" arrow on your browser.

Total Population (All race-by-sex groups)
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice-Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

Hispanic Males
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice-Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

Hispanic Females
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice-Based Activities
Outdoor Sports








White Males
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice-Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

White Females
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice-Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

Black Males
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice-Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

Black Females
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water·Based Activities
Snow/Ice·Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

Native American Males
Nature·Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice-Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

Native American Females
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice-Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

Asian & Pacific Islander Males
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice-Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

Asian & Pacific Islander Females
Nature-Based Land Activities
Viewing/Learning Activities
Developed-Setting Land Activities
Water-Based Activities
Snow/Ice·Based Activities
Outdoor Sports

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1Authors: K. Cordell and C. Betz, Project Leader and Outdoor Recreation Planner (respectively), USDA Forest Service, Athens, GA; G. Green, Assistant Professor, University of Georgia, Athens, GA; M. Fly and B. Stephens, Professor and Senior Research Associate (respectively), Human Dimensions Lab, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN; and Vernon R. Leeworthy, NOAA/NOS/Special Projects, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, MD. Design and production by Shela Mou, USDA Forest Service, Athens, GA.